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2.0 AED – 5.0 AED
Botanical name:- Solanum lycopersicum
|Scientific name||Solanum lycopersicum|
|Temperature requirement||25-35 °C|
|Watering||Water everyday &keep moist|
|Pests||Aphids ,blister beetles ,cutworms ,flea beetles ,leafhoppers ,spider mites ,nematodes ,slugs and snails.|
|Pet friendliness||Not hazardous|
|Maximum plant height||90-120 cm|
|Potting mix||Potting soil/red soil/manure/perlite|
|Pot requirement||Good drainage&repot every 1-2 years|
|Nutrition||Apply manure for first 15 days and npk for next 15 days|
|Pruning & training||Remove dead & diseased leaves with sterile shears|
|Common color & season|
|Description||Tomato, (solanum lycopersicum), flowering plant of the nightshade family (solanaceae), cultivated extensively for its edible fruits. Labelled as a vegetable for nutritional purposes, tomatoes are a good source of vitamin c and the phytochemical lycopene. Tomato can be grown on variety of soils but better yield is obtained in well drained soil, fairly fertile, rich in organic matter with fair water holding capacity. For early crop, a sandy loam soil is the best, however, for higher yield heavy soils rich in organic matter are preferred. The best soil ph is 6-7.Temperature affects growth and development of tomato plants primarily by controlling biochemical processes. Theoptimum ranges of temperature is 20-240 °C, mean temperature below 16 °C and above 27 °C are not desirable. Well rotten 38 tons of fym and 250 kg of each npk per hectare is the recommended dose for hybrids .Half dose of nitrogen and full dose of phosphorus and potassium should be applied as basal while half dose of nitrogen may be applied as top dressing after 25-30 days of transplanting. The application of zn, cu and b significantly increased the number of fruits per plant, yield and quality. Application of 20-30kg of borax and 0.5% Zn is beneficial for yield and good quality of fruit.In case of indeterminate varieties, the yield and quality of fruit is improved by staking the plants with wooden sticks/polythene threads. Staking not only increases the yield and improve its quality but also reduces the infection by fungal diseases|
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